Central Java Traditional Weapons - Keris is a dagger stabbing weapon class ( pointy and sharp on both sides ) with many cultural functions are known in the western and central archipelago . The shape is distinctive and easily distinguished from other sharp weapons because it is not symmetrical at the base of the dilated , often winding blade , and many of them have the prestige ( Damascene ) , namely the visible fibers of a bright metallic coating on the strands of blades . Type of stabbing weapon that has a resemblance to the dagger is the dagger . Another stabbing weapon is kerambit original archipelago .
In the past kris serves as a weapon in a duel / battle , as well as complementary offerings objects . In use today , is more of a dagger accessory items ( ageman ) in dressing , has a number of cultural symbols , or becoming a collector's item that is assessed in terms of aesthetics .
Use of kris spread on area dwellers who never affected by the Majapahit , such as Java , Madura , Nusa Tenggara , Sumatra , Borneo coast , parts of Sulawesi , the Malay Peninsula , southern Thailand and southern Philippines ( Mindanao ) . Keris Mindanao known as dull . Keris in each region has its own peculiarities in appearance , function , technique filmed , and terminology .
Since ancient times , the keris has always been a symbol of strength , for both men and women . Basically , the keris is not different from other traditional weapons . Sharp -edged and used for cutting , stabbing , or slicing .
Keris has been made by the master keris maker since ancient times . The mix of materials with meteorite steel , wrought folding techniques , making physical beauty dagger formed .
In the world of the keris , the technical term daden prestige . Daden is the prestige or the prestige of " light " that form spontaneously , without engineering the master keris maker . According to the experiments conducted , kris usually has a high content of radioactivity . Therefore there needs to be a way to neutralize it .
One way to counteract the dangers of radiation with a keris sheathed in wood frame specified . The wood used is wood Timoho , Trembalu , Sandalwood , Awar - awar , Galina tamarind , Liwung , or ivory .
In addition , there is also a term fame or prestige artificial counterparts . Prestige of colleagues is if since the beginning of making a dagger , the kris master wants " light " of certain keris .
Solo hallmark dagger , usually have a lot of accessories are studded with diamonds and framed fragrant sandalwood . In addition , the agency was not rare dagger gold inlay diamond .
Keris partsSome terms in this section is taken from Javanese tradition , merely because the referral is available . Most experts classify tosan aji dagger as stabbing weapon , so the main part of a keris is wilah ( blades ) or lay language is like a blade . But because the dagger has other requirements , namely sheath ( sarong ) and a dagger or carving the handle portion , the unity of the whole apparatus called a dagger .
Kris or keris upstream gripThe handle kris (Javanese : gaman ) is an assortment of motives , for the Balinese keris there that resembled an idol, statue pedande , Raksaka statues , sculptures of dancers , an ascetic , forest , and there are carved with gold and precious stones kinatah .
Dagger grip Sulawesi describe seabirds . It was a symbol of the most professional people of Sulawesi are a sailor , while the bird is the symbol for the safety of the world . As well as the bird 's head motif used in Riau Lingga keris , and to other areas as the development center tosan aji such as Aceh , Bangkinang ( Riau ) , Palembang , Sambas , Kutai , Bugis , Luwu , Java , Madura and Sulu , has carved dagger and a different symbol . In addition , the materials used were derived from a variety of materials such as ivory , bone , metal , and wood are the most .
For Java kris handle , the outline consists of sirah sidekick ( back of the head ) , Jiling , cigir , superficial , bathuk ( front head ) , Weteng and cauliflower .
Sheath or the sheathSheath , or the sheath ( Banjar language : tainted ) , is a component of the dagger that has a specific function , especially in the social life of the Java community , not least because this is the part that is visible directly . Early sheath made of wood ( which is common teak , sandalwood , Timoho , and yellow ) . In line with the addition of the times wrangka function as a reflection of social status for its users . The uppers or ladrang - Gayaman often replaced with ivory .
Broadly speaking there are two forms of the sheath , the sheath ladrang type consisting of the parts : tweezers , lata , beard , gandek , Godong ( shaped like a leaf ) , axle , ri and cangkring . And the other type is the type of wrangka Gayaman ( Gandon ) which is almost the same parts with wrangka ladrang but no tweezers , Godong , and gandek .
Rules wrangka use this form been determined , although it is not absolute . Wrangka ladrang used for official ceremonies , say to the king , the other palace official events ( coronation , royal appointments , marriage , etc. ) with the intent of respect . The procedure for its use is to slip axle dagger in the folds of the belt ( stagen ) on the back of the waist ( including as consideration for the safety of the king ) . While wrangka Gayaman used for daily purposes , and a dagger placed on the front ( near the waist ) or behind ( rear waist ) .
In war , the use is kris wrangka Gayaman , consideration is practical and concise terms , because wrangka more Gayaman allows quick and easy move , because the shape is more simple .
Ladrang and Gayaman a pattern - form wrangka , and the main part according wrangka function is shaped bottom length ( along wilah dagger ) called axle or antupan , then the function is to wrap wilah axle ( blades ) and are usually made of wood ( considered to not damage the metal wilah mix ) .
Because the axle to wrap function , so the function of beauty is not preferred , it is to beautify it will be coated cylinder - like shell called pendok . Pendok parts ( shell layer ) is what usually carved very beautiful , made of brass metal , a friendly at ( a mixture of copper gold ) , silver , gold . For areas outside of Java ( the kings of Bugis , Goa , Palembang , Riau , Bali ) pendoknya made of gold , along with additional embellishments such as embroidery laces of gold and studded with diamonds flowers .
For Javanese kris , according pendok shape there are three kinds , namely ( 1 ) pendok bunton shaped shells without hemisphere flat on its side , ( 2 ) pendok cantaloupe ( blengah ) split lengthwise up on one end so that the axle will be visible , and ( 3 ) pendok topengan are only located in the middle of the slit . When viewed from the decorations , there are two kinds pendok pendok pendok carved and plain ( without engraving ) .
wilahWilah or wilahan is a major part of a dagger , and also consists of certain parts that are not the same for every wilahan , which is usually called the kitchen , or the naming of the various forms of wilah - bar ( there are dozens of forms of the kitchen ) . For example , Virgin tall kitchen can be mentioned , jaka lola , pinarak , diadem murub , cauliflower , kebo Tedan , pudak sitegal , etc. .
At the base there wilahan pesi , which is the lower end of the stalk of a keris or kris . This is the part that goes into the handle dagger ( engraving ) . This Pesi length between 5 cm to 7 cm , with a cross section of about 5 mm to 10 mm , round shape long as a pencil . In the area of East Java, called the pivot , in Riau called nipple , while for local Sarawak , Brunei and Malaysia called punting .
At the base ( base dagger ) or the bottom of a keris called cannabis ( for local call aring Malay peninsula ) . In the middle there is a hole pesi ( round ) just to enter pesi , so that the integral wilah and marijuana . Aji tosan cultural observer said that it symbolizes unity unity phallus and yoni , which represents the symbol of yoni marijuana while pesi symbolizes lingganya . The marijuana -shaped cursory lizard , lizard front called sirah , called gulu meled neck , abdomen and tail called wetengan called SEBIT ron . Various forms of cannabis is diverse , wilut , dungkul , leeches and SEBIT rontal flashing .
Luke , is part of the winding - wilah keris , and seen from the shape of the keris can be divided into two major categories, namely keris dagger blade straight and winding or luk . One simple way to calculate luk on the bar , starting from the base toward the tip of the keris dagger , calculated from the convex side and carried on each side of both sides ( right and left ) , then the last number is the number of luk at wilah - blades and the number is always odd ( odd ) and never even, and the smallest was luk three ( 3 ) and most are luk thirteen ( 13 ) . If there keris luk number of his more than thirteen , usually called kalawija kris , or dagger unusual .
In the field of keris known grouping called tough that can mean the period of manufacture or making style . This is similar to the example with Javanese dance style of Yogyakarta and Surakarta . An understanding of the tough will help identify the physical characteristics of a dagger .
Some respite is commonly known :• powerful Majapahit
• resilient Padjadjaran
• resilient Mataram
• resilient Yogyakarta
• tough Surakarta .